Structure of cocaine

Added: Marcal Gordy - Date: 23.11.2021 14:12 - Views: 46902 - Clicks: 9416

Cocaine is an alkaloid and a member of a broad group of plant substances that also includes nicotine, caffeine, and morphine. On the street, cocaine comes in either of two forms: hydrochloride salt or "base. It can also be dissolved in water and injected. The "base" forms of cocaine include any forms that are not neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. Depending on the method of production, the base forms are called "freebase" or "crack.

The medical literature is often ambiguous when differentiating between "freebase" and "crack," which are actually the same chemical form of cocaine. Freebase is produced by dissolving cocaine hydrochloride in water, adding a base like ammonia, and then adding a solvent, typically ether. The cocaine base is dissolved by the ether and is extracted by evaporation.

There is a chance that the ether, which is highly volatile, may remain in the mixture and cause burns. With the increased prevalence of crack, which is made by a simpler and less dangerous process, the use of "freebase" has declined. History, Pharmacology, and Prevalence Cocaine Overview: Chemistry Cocaine is an alkaloid and a member of a broad group of plant substances that also includes nicotine, caffeine, and morphine.

Illustrations Cocaine.

Structure of cocaine

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Cocaine and crack drug profile